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  From Hand-Made to Machine Manufactured  

The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840) saw shifts towards machine work and the use of steam power. Streamlined manufacturing processes dramatically increased product output, replacing the previous tradition where specialized workers created and distributed goods locally. Between 1800 and 1850, England’s urban population doubled. New technology

helped resources keep up with

population growth, and new

understandings of public

health lowered the child

mortality rate and increased

the average lifespan.

However, the push for profit

led many factory owners to

create unsafe working

conditions and long hours for

children and adults alike.

Browse the links below to

learn more about England’s

industrialization and its effects. 

Children in Lancaster

Children working at a cotton mill in Lancaster.

Sweeper and doffer boys in Lancaster Cotton Mills

The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course

John Green gives us a run-down of the Industrial Revolution and its impact.

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